(unknown charset) Momentum for Eprint Archiving

From: (unknown charset) Peter Suber <peters_at_earlham.edu>
Date: Fri, 9 Aug 2002 20:16:42 +0100

[From: FOS Newsletter http://makeashorterlink.com/?Z53834B71 ]

Momentum for eprint archiving

Institutional eprint archiving is currently undergoing an unprecedented
surge of acceptance and support. Years of patient work by many people
at many institutions around the world have slowly assembled the pieces,
spread the word, impressed the skeptics, and created a critical number
of interoperable archives. Now archiving has reached a tipping point. Its
rapidly spreading success is a pleasure to behold.

For these purposes, eprint archiving has three components: (1) the
software for building the archives, Eprints for large institutional or
disciplinary archives and Kepler for smaller individual "archivelets",
(2) the Open Archives Initiative metadata harvesting protocol, the
standard for making the archives interoperable, and (3) the decision by
universities and laboratories to launch archives and fill them with the
research output of their faculty.

* Here are the major developments on these three fronts going back only
six months. If you've been following the progress of the FOS movement for
any number of years, you'll agree that no other single idea or technology
in the movement has enjoyed this density of endorsement and adoption in
a six month period.

February 1, 2002. JISC holds the meeting to launch its Focus on Access
to Institutional Resources Programme (FAIR), a program "inspired by the
vision of the Open Archives Initiative".

February 6, 2002. Eight major library organizations from eight nations
launch the International Scholarly Communication Alliance, which endorses
institutional eprint archiving and the Open Archives Initiative.

February 14, 2002. Eprints launches version 2.0.

February 14, 2002. The Open Society Institute launches the Budapest
Open Access Initiative, which endorses institutional eprint archiving
and the Open Archives Initiative.

February 25, 2002. The University of Michigan Libraries Digital Library
Production Service announces the launch of OAIster, which creates an
OAI-compliant archive out of content previously invisible in the deep

March 2002. The CARL/ABRC (Canadian Association of Research Libraries /
Association des bibliotheques de recherche du Canada) issues a report
endorsing the Open Archives Initiative.

March, 2002. Francois Schiettecatte launches my.OAI, a flexible search
engine for OAI-compliant archives.

March 12, 2002. MIT's OAI-compliant DSpace enters its Early Adopter
Phase http://libraries.mit.edu/about/news/early-dspace.html

March 26, 2002. The first DELOS EU/NSF Digital Libraries All Projects
Meeting in Rome devotes a forum to the Open Archives Initiative.

March 26, 2002. The OCLC Institute hosts the satellite videoconference,
"A New Harvest: Revealing Hidden Resources With the Open Archives
Metadata Harvesting Protocol" with host Lorcan Dempsey and featured
speaker Herbert Van de Sompel.

April 3, 2002. The California Digital Library launches the OAI-compliant
eScholarship Repository.

April 7, 2002. The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign launches
its OAI-compliant Cultural Heritage repository.

April 11, 2002. Stephen Pinfield, Mike Gardner and John MacColl write
an important article for _Ariadne_ on their experience setting up
institutional eprint archives at the universities of Edinburgh and

April 17, 2002. At the Museums and the Web 2002 conference in Boston,
Timothy Cole and five co-authors present their experience setting up
the UIUC Cultural Heritage Repository.

May-June, 2002. Colin Steele and Lorena Kanellopoulos visit each of the
Group of Eight universities in Australia to promote the creation and
use of eprint repositories. Queensland set up an archive, Monash plans
to do so, and Melbourne is experimenting; the rest of the Group of Eight
is expected to create archives shortly. The separate university archive
projects have web sites, but not the Steele-Kanellopoulos roadshow.

May, 2002. CARL/ABRC launches a project to create institutional archives
at seven Canadian universities and have the institutions exchange
ideas, suggestions and best practices. (Also see the November 21-22
conference, below.) The project itself does not have a web page, but
it does have this page of relevant resources.

May, 2002. RLG (Research Libraries Group) and OCLC (Online Computers
Library Center) release their major report, "Trusted Digital Repositories:
Attributes and Responsibilities".

May 6, 2002. The Perseus Project launches its Open Archives Initiative

May 9, 2002. Colin Steele gives a seminar on eprint archives at University
of Adelaide.

May 21, 2002. ARL (Association of Research Libraries) releases its
final report on its Scholars Portal project, and calls for it to be

May 29, 2002. _The Australian_ publishes a major article on eprint

June 14, 2002. The OAI releases version 2.0 of the protocol for metadata

June 22, 2002. A group chaired by Colin Steele completes specifications
for a national center to promote eprint repositories in Australia. The
specifications were requested by the Australian Department of Education,
Science and Training department. There is no web site yet for this

July 1, 2002. OAIster launches version 1.0 of its search interface.

July 1, 2002. Eprints affiliates with GNU, assuring that it will remain
free and open source.

July 1, 2002. Eprints forms a partnership with Ingenta, which will produce
a commercial version of the software (more in the Ingenta story above).

July 4, 2002. Eprints launches version 2.1.

July 5, 2002. Jeffrey Young publishes an important article on institutional
archiving in the _Chronicle of Higher Education_.

July 8, 2002. William Nixon writes an important article for _Ariadne_ on
the experience of setting up an institutional archive at the University
of Glasgow.

July 14, 2002. The Public Knowledge Project releases its Open Archives

July 14, 2002. Michael Nelson, Herbert Van de Sompel, and Simeon
Warner present an "Advanced Overview of Version 2.0 of the OAI Protocol
for Metadata Harvesting" at the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital

July 16-17, 2002. The Joint Conference on Digital Libraries gives the
OAI two sessions at its 2002 meeting in Portland, Oregon. (Scroll down
to sessions 6B and 10A.)

July 29, 2002. The University of Southampton, which developed the eprints
software, announces TARDIS (Targeting Academic Research for Deposit and
dISclosure), a project to stimulate the practice of eprint archiving.

July 29, 2002. SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources
Coalition) releases its major position paper, "The Case for Institutional
http://www.arl.org/sparc/IR/ir.html (HTML)
http://www.arl.org/sparc/IR/IR_Final_Release_102.pdf (PDF)

August 1, 2002. Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research
Preservation and Access) begins operation. Funded by JISC-FAIR, SHERPA
is designed to stimulate eprint archiving in the UK CURL (Consortium of
University Research Libraries) institutions.
http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/ (home page under construction)

August 2, 2002. Max Rauner writes an important story on institutional
archiving for _NZZ Online_.
http://www.nzz.ch/2002/08/02/em/page-article88LHN.html (In German)
http://makeashorterlink.com/?F22715371 (Google's English translation)

August 3, 2002. Kendra Mayfield writes a major story on eprint archives
for _Wired News_.

August 8, 2002. And now this.

* If we peek a little into the future, we see three important meetings

October 17-19, 2002. CERN will host its second annual workshop on the
Open Archives Initiative and eprint archives.
Here's the web site for the first CERN OAI workshop, in March 2001.

October 18, 2002. ARL, SPARC, and CNI will host a workshop on
institutional repositories in Washington, D.C.
(Rick Johnson of SPARC tells me that this workshop has already attracted
more than 100 registrations from 66 universities. This suggests widespread
interest in launching institutional repositories.)

November 21-11, 2002. CARL/ABRC will host a conference ("Research,
Innovation and Canadian Scholarship: Exploring and implementing some
new models for scholarly publishing") on the lessons learned from
its ongoing project to launch and monitor archives at seven Canadian
universities. (See the CARL/ABRC entry for May above.) The conference
program and registration information will soon appear at the CARL web site.

* There are also some developments without specific dates:

The BOAI (Budapest Open Access Initiative) is considering a program to
support institutional archiving.
(No details on the site yet. Stay tuned; I'll report any developments.)

The BOAI self-archiving FAQ is growing steadily.
(If you haven't seen it recently, see it now. It has become extremely
detailed and thorough.)

Helene Bosc reports that five eprint repositories have recently sprung up
in France:

      These-En-Ligne (theses only)

      l'Institut Jean Nicod

      l'Archive Lyon2

      Paristech (theses only)


* Here are the URLs of some players mentioned above without links.



Open Archives Initiative

* Thanks to Helene Bosc, Sarah Faraud, Chris Gutteridge, Melissa Hagemann,
Stevan Harnad, Rick Johnson, Xiaoming Liu, Tim Mark, Stephen Pinfield,
Colin Steele, and Herbert Van de Sompel for providing details.

Peter Suber

Copyright (c) 2002, Peter Suber
Received on Fri Aug 09 2002 - 20:16:42 BST

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