This is the Limited Access and Limited Research Impact Cycle as it was in the paper era, and still is todaym in the online era:

Within a 12-18 month cycle, the research is written up as the pre-refereeing preprint.

The preprint is submitted to a refereed journal for peer review.

The preprint is revised in accordance with the refereesŐ feedback.

The final, accepted draft, the postprint is published.

If the would-be userŐs university has toll-access, they access it.

Some of these accesses lthen ead to use and citation in a new research cycle