Slide 1
Berlin Declaration
on
Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html
The pertinent passages:
“Open access [means]:
“1. free... [online, full-text] access
“2. A complete version of the [open-access] work... is deposited...
        in at least one online repository... to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, [OAI] interoperability, and long-term archiving.
“[W]e intend to... encourag[e].. our researchers/grant recipients to
   publish their work according to the principles of... open access.”

Dual open-access strategy
What is needed for open access now:
Universities: Adopt a university-wide policy of making all university research output open access (via either the gold or green strategy)
Departments: Create and fill departmental OAI-compliant open-access archives
University Libraries: Provide digital library support for research self-archiving and open-access archive-maintenance. Redirect 1/3 of any eventual toll-savings to cover open-access journal peer-review service charges
Promotion Committees: Require a standardized online CV from all candidates, with refereed publications all linked to their full-texts in the open-access journal archives  and/or departmental open-access archives
Research Funders: Mandate open access for all funded research (via either the gold or green strategy). Fund (fixed, fair) open-access journal peer-review service charges. Assess research  and researcher impact online (from the online CVs).
Publishers: Become either open-access or green.

RoMEO Project (Loughborough):
Rights MEtadata for Open archiving
Slide 6
Slide 7
Quo usque tandem patientia nostra…?
How long will we go on letting our cumulative
daily/monthly/yearly research-impact losses grow,
now that the online medium has made it all preventable?
The two open-access strategies:
Gold and Green
Open-Access Publishing
(OApub)
Create or Convert 23,500 open-access journals (500 exist currently)
Find funding support for open-access publication costs ($500-$1500+)
Persuade the authors of the annual 2,500,000 articles to publish in new open-access journals instead of the existing toll-access journals
Open-Access Self-Archiving
(OAarch)
Persuade the authors of the annual 2,500,000 articles they publish in the existing toll-access journals to also self-archive them in their institutional open-access archives.

To Maximize Research Impact:
Research Funders:
Mandate open access for all funded research (by a specified date) via the gold or green strategies
Fund open-access journal charges
Research Institutions:
Mandate open access for all research output via the gold or green strategies
Libraries redirect 1/3 of any eventual toll-cancellation savings toward funding open-access journal charges

Slide 11
Slide 12
“Online or Invisible?” (Lawrence 2001)
“average of 336% more citations to online articles compared to offline articles published in the same venue”
Lawrence, S. (2001) Free online availability substantially increases a paper's impact Nature 411 (6837): 521.
http://www.neci.nec.com/~lawrence/papers/online-nature01/

Research Assessment, Research Funding, and Citation Impact
“Correlation between RAE ratings and mean departmental citations +0.91 (1996) +0.86 (2001) (Psychology)”
“RAE and citation counting measure broadly the same thing”
“Citation counting is both more cost-effective and more transparent”
                     (Eysenck & Smith 2002)
http://psyserver.pc.rhbnc.ac.uk/citations.pdf

Time-Course of Citations (red)
and Usage (hits, green)
Witten, Edward (1998) String Theory and Noncommutative Geometry Adv. Theor. Math. Phys.  2 : 253
Usage Impact
is correlated with Citation Impact
(Physics ArXiv: hep, astro, cond, quantum; math, comp)
http://citebase.eprints.org/analysis/correlation.php
(Quartiles Q1 (lo) - Q4 (hi))
All         r=.27, n=219328
Q1 (lo)    r=.26, n=54832
Q2          r=.18, n=54832
Q3          r=.28, n=54832
Q4 (hi)    r=.34, n=54832
hep      r=.33, n=74020
Q1 (lo)   r=.23, n=18505
Q2         r=.23, n=18505
Q3         r=.30, n=18505
Q4 (hi)   r=.50, n=18505
(correlation is highest for high-citation papers/authors)

The BOAI Self-Archiving FAQ
           http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/
http://www.soros.org/openaccess/

Three reasons for research impact
(shared by researcher and institution but not by researcher and discipline)
Slide 19
Slide 20
"http://www.ecs.soton..."
http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/intpub.html
Harnad, S. (1990) Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry. Psychological Science 1: 342 - 343 (reprinted in Current Contents 45: 9-13, November 11 1991). http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/documents/disk0/00/00/15/81/
Harnad, S. (1994) A Subversive Proposal. In: Ann Okerson & James O'Donnell (Eds.) Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Washington, DC., Association of Research Libraries, June 1995. http://www.arl.org/scomm/subversive/toc.html
Harnad, S. (2001) For Whom the Gate Tolls? How and Why to Free the Refereed Research Literature Online Through Author/Institution Self-Archiving, Now. http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/documents/disk0/00/00/16/39/
Harnad, S., Carr, L., Brody, T. & Oppenheim, C. (2003) Mandated online RAE CVs Linked to University Eprint Archives: Improving the UK Research Assessment Exercise whilst making it cheaper and easier. Ariadne 35 http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35 harnad/ /
Harnad, S. (2003) Electronic Preprints and Postprints. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science Marcel Dekker, Inc.
http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/eprints.htm
Harnad, S. (2003) Online Archives for Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications. International Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. John Feather & Paul Sturges (eds). Routledge. http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/archives.htm