Slide 1
Berlin Declaration
Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities
The pertinent passages:
“Open access [means]:
“1. free... [online, full-text] access
“2. A complete version of the [open-access] work... is deposited...
        in at least one online repository... to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, [OAI] interoperability, and long-term archiving.
“[W]e intend to... encourag[e].. our researchers/grant recipients to
   publish their work according to the principles of... open access.”

Dual open-access strategy
What is needed for open access now:
Universities: Adopt a university-wide policy of making all university research output open access (via either the gold or green strategy)
Departments: Create and fill departmental OAI-compliant open-access archives
University Libraries: Provide digital library support for research self-archiving and open-access archive-maintenance. Redirect 1/3 of any eventual toll-savings to cover open-access journal peer-review service charges
Promotion Committees: Require a standardized online CV from all candidates, with refereed publications all linked to their full-texts in the open-access journal archives  and/or departmental open-access archives
Research Funders: Mandate open access for all funded research (via either the gold or green strategy). Fund (fixed, fair) open-access journal peer-review service charges. Assess research  and researcher impact online (from the online CVs).
Publishers: Become either open-access or green.

RoMEO Project (Loughborough):
Rights MEtadata for Open archiving
Slide 6
Slide 7
Quo usque tandem patientia nostra…?
How long will we go on letting our cumulative
daily/monthly/yearly research-impact losses grow,
now that the online medium has made it all preventable?
The two open-access strategies:
Gold and Green
Open-Access Publishing
Create or Convert 23,500 open-access journals (500 exist currently)
Find funding support for open-access publication costs ($500-$1500+)
Persuade the authors of the annual 2,500,000 articles to publish in new open-access journals instead of the existing toll-access journals
Open-Access Self-Archiving
Persuade the authors of the annual 2,500,000 articles they publish in the existing toll-access journals to also self-archive them in their institutional open-access archives.

To Maximize Research Impact:
Research Funders:
Mandate open access for all funded research (by a specified date) via the gold or green strategies
Fund open-access journal charges
Research Institutions:
Mandate open access for all research output via the gold or green strategies
Libraries redirect 1/3 of any eventual toll-cancellation savings toward funding open-access journal charges

Slide 11
Slide 12
“Online or Invisible?” (Lawrence 2001)
“average of 336% more citations to online articles compared to offline articles published in the same venue”
Lawrence, S. (2001) Free online availability substantially increases a paper's impact Nature 411 (6837): 521.

Research Assessment, Research Funding, and Citation Impact
“Correlation between RAE ratings and mean departmental citations +0.91 (1996) +0.86 (2001) (Psychology)”
“RAE and citation counting measure broadly the same thing”
“Citation counting is both more cost-effective and more transparent”
                     (Eysenck & Smith 2002)

Time-Course of Citations (red)
and Usage (hits, green)
Witten, Edward (1998) String Theory and Noncommutative Geometry Adv. Theor. Math. Phys.  2 : 253
Usage Impact
is correlated with Citation Impact
(Physics ArXiv: hep, astro, cond, quantum; math, comp)
(Quartiles Q1 (lo) - Q4 (hi))
All         r=.27, n=219328
Q1 (lo)    r=.26, n=54832
Q2          r=.18, n=54832
Q3          r=.28, n=54832
Q4 (hi)    r=.34, n=54832
hep      r=.33, n=74020
Q1 (lo)   r=.23, n=18505
Q2         r=.23, n=18505
Q3         r=.30, n=18505
Q4 (hi)   r=.50, n=18505
(correlation is highest for high-citation papers/authors)

The BOAI Self-Archiving FAQ

Three reasons for research impact
(shared by researcher and institution but not by researcher and discipline)
Slide 19
Slide 20
Harnad, S. (1990) Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry. Psychological Science 1: 342 - 343 (reprinted in Current Contents 45: 9-13, November 11 1991).
Harnad, S. (1994) A Subversive Proposal. In: Ann Okerson & James O'Donnell (Eds.) Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Washington, DC., Association of Research Libraries, June 1995.
Harnad, S. (2001) For Whom the Gate Tolls? How and Why to Free the Refereed Research Literature Online Through Author/Institution Self-Archiving, Now.
Harnad, S., Carr, L., Brody, T. & Oppenheim, C. (2003) Mandated online RAE CVs Linked to University Eprint Archives: Improving the UK Research Assessment Exercise whilst making it cheaper and easier. Ariadne 35 harnad/ /
Harnad, S. (2003) Electronic Preprints and Postprints. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Harnad, S. (2003) Online Archives for Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications. International Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. John Feather & Paul Sturges (eds). Routledge.