Classical peer review will not change in its essentials
in the online/open-access age, but it will become faster,
cheaper and more efficient to implement. Papers will be submitted
by depositing them in the journal's website or the author's
institutional website. Many authors will elect to make their preprints
publicly accessible, either on the journal's website or on their institutional website. Referee
selection will be aided by online searches of the open-access literature
and sometimes by calls-for-referees to targetted specialist lists.
Referees will access the manuscripts online and submit their reports
online, and editorial dispositions will be done online. Self-selected
commentary may sometimes supplement (but not substitute for) the
editor-appointed refereed. After publication, a similar system can be
used for open peer commentary,
and authors' responses. Article download
and citation impact will be
tracked from the preprint onward by online scientometric engines.