Topics: CM302 Artificial Intelligence 2




WHAT IS COMPUTATION?

Chalmers D A Computational Foundation for the Study of Cognition http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/phil/199806025

Harnad S Computation Is Just Interpretable Symbol Manipulation: Cognition Isn't. http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad94.computation.cogniti on.html

Pylyshyn Z Computing in Cognitive Science? http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/Postscript/zenon.comp.ps




CHURCH/TURING THESIS

http://al.cs.engr.uky.edu/~lewis/cs-theory/text/compute/theses.html

http://cd1.library.usyd.edu.au/stanford/entries/church-turing/

http://www.wolfson.ox.ac.uk/~floridi/ctt.htm




TURING TEST

Turing AM Computing Machinery and Intelligence
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/comp/199807017

Harnad S The Turing Test Is Not A Trick:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad92.turing.html



SEARLE'S CRITIQUE OF AI

Searle J Minds, Brains and Programs
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/Archive/bbs.searle2.html

Searle JR Is the Brain a Digital Computer?
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/searle.comp.html

Hayes, P., Harnad, S., Perlis, D. & Block, N. Virtual Symposium on Virtual Mind.
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad92.virtualmind.html

Lucas JR Minds, Machines and Goedel
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/phil/199807022



SYMBOLIC AI CRITIQUES OF CONNECTIONISM MINSKY/PYLYSHYN/FODOR/PINKER/PRINCE

http://www.ai.mit.edu/~minsky/papers/SymbolicVs.Connectionist.txt

http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Hypermail/Explaining.Mind96/0140.html

Pinker S & Prince A On Language and Connectionism:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/pinker.conn.html



ROBOTIC CRITIQUES OF SYMBOLIC AI (EMBODIMENT, SITUATEDNESS, ROBOTICS)

Clancey W Situated cognition: How representations are created and given meaning
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/psyc/199805009

Dennett D Cognitive Science as Reverse Engineering
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/dennett.eng.html

Dennett D The Practical Requirements for Making a Conscious Robot
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/dennett.rob.html

Nolfi S Evolutionary Robotics: Exploiting the full power of self-organization http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/comp/199808001

Prem E Epistemic Autonomy in Models of Living Systems
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/bio/199805003



THE FRAME PROBLEM

Harnad S The Frame Problem as a Symptom of the Symbol Grounding Problem.
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad93.frameproblem.html

http://www.uforia.demon.co.uk/CogWhel.html

http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Hypermail/Explaining.Mind97/0102.html



THE SYMBOL GROUNDING PROBLEM

Harnad S Minds, Machines and Searle
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad89.searle.html

Harnad S The Symbol Grounding Problem
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/psyc/199803014



HYBRID SYSTEMS

Amit DJ The Hebbian paradigm reintegrated
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/Archive/bbs.amit.html

Harnad S Grounding Symbols in the Analog World with Neural Nets
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad93.symb.anal.net.html< /A>

Gelder T van The Dynamical Hypothesis in Cognitive Science
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/Archive/bbs.vangelder.html

Edelman S Representation is Representation of Similarities
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/Archive/bbs.edelman.html

Vogt P Perceptual grounding in robots.
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/comp/199806035



CONSCIOUSNESS

Chalmers D Moving Forward on the Problem of Consciousness
http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/abs/phil/199806023

Harnad S Other Bodies, Other Minds
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad91.otherminds.html

Searle JR The Problem of Consciousness
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/searle.prob.html



LANGUAGE AND UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR

Pinker S & Bloom P Natural language and natural selection
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/Archive/bbs.pinker.html

Pinker S Language Acquisition
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Papers/Py104/pinker.langacq.html